Table 2

Comparison of survivors and non-survivors in neonatal/infant subgroup, both intraoperative and postoperative

CharacteristicsAll (n=13)Survivors (n=6)Non-survivors (n=7)P value
Age (mon), mean±SD0.8±0.20.7±0.20.9±0.20.463
Gender (male), n11561.0
Weight (kg), mean±SD3.5±0.23.4±0.33.5±0.30.769
Coronary artery abnormalities, n4040.07
Concomitant deformities, n7070.001*
CPB time (min), mean±SD303±15298±13307±260.139
Cross-clamp time (min), mean±SD130±10116±16142±120.721
VIS before initiation of ECMO, mean±SD41±436±745±40.277
VIS on ECMO, mean±SD32±331±634±40.705
ECMO duration (d), mean±SD89±2183±16121±340.363
Ventilation time (d), mean±SD19±418±619±60.914
ICU stay (d), mean (IQR)23 (18–56)20 (14–61)19 (12–38)0.073
Hepatic failure, n1011.0
DIC, n1011.0
Bleeding events, n9360.266
Hemolysis, n2200.192
Infections, n2020.462
  • Concomitant deformities include coronary artery abnormalities and other deformities (such as interruption of aortic arch and coarctation).

  • *P<0.05.

  • CPB, cardiopulmonary bypass; DIC, disseminated intravascular coagulation; ECMO, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation; ICU, intensive care unit; VIS, vasoactive-inotropic score.